Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Advent calendar


Advent calendar made from a picture of the German city of Hünfeld's town hall in Advent

The origins of the Advent calendar come from German Lutherans who, at least as early as the beginning of the 19th century[citation needed], would count down the first 24 days of December physically. Often[citation needed] this meant simply drawing a chalk line on the door each day, beginning on December 1. Some families had more elaborate means of marking the days, such as lighting a new candle (perhaps[citation needed] the genesis of today's Advent wreath) or hanging a little religious picture on the wall each day.

The 24 candles might also be placed on a structure, which was known as an "Advent clock". In December 1839, the first verifiable public Advent wreath was hung in the prayer hall of the Rauhes Haus (relief house) in Hamburg, although it had been a family practice in parts of German-speaking Europe since the 17th century.

The first known Advent calendar was handmade in 1851. According to the Lower Austrian (NÖ) Landesmuseum, the first printed Advent calendar was produced in Hamburg in 1902 or 1903. Other authorities state that a Swabian parishioner, Gerhard Lang, was responsible for the first printed calendar, in 1908.

Lang was certainly the progenitor of today's calendar. He was a printer in the firm Reichhold & Lang of Munich who, in 1908, made 24 little colored pictures that could be affixed to a piece of cardboard. Several years later, he introduced a calendar with 24 little doors. He created and marketed at least 30 designs before his firm went out of business in the 1930s. In this same time period, Sankt Johannis Printing Company started producing religious Advent calendars, with Bible verses instead of pictures behind the doors.

The practice disappeared during World War II, apparently to save paper. After the war, Richard Sellmer of Stuttgart resurrected the commercial Advent calendar and is responsible for its widespread popularity.[citation needed] His company, Richard Sellmer Verlag, today maintains a stock of over 1,000,000 calendars worldwide.[citation needed] Other companies such as Cadbury's who specialise in the making of calendars have similar stocks, if not higher.[citation needed]
[edit] Modern calendars
Secular homemade Advent calendar





The traditional calendar consists of two pieces of card stock on top of each other. Twenty-four doors are cut out in the top layer, with a number ranging from one to twenty-four on each. Beginning on the first day of December, one door is opened each day, counting down the days remaining until Christmas Eve, from one to twenty-four where the 24th door often holds an extra surprise like an extra large piece of chocolate. Some modern calendars are labeled as "countdown calendars" and are designed to start at number 24 and count down to number 1 so the number of days until Christmas can be easily determined. Each compartment displays an image, which can be either a feature of the Nativity story and the birth of Jesus or a piece of paraphernalia to do with Christmas (e.g., bells or holly).[citation needed]

Advent calendars can also consist of cloth sheets with small pockets to be filled with candy or other small gift items. Many calendars have been adapted by merchandisers and manufacturers to include a piece of chocolate or other confectionery behind each compartment.[citation needed] These are often aimed at children who are counting down to Christmas and the arrival of Santa Claus, and have often been criticized[who?] for not relating to the Nativity and simply cashing in on Christmas sales. An example of this is the annual Lego Advent Calendar, which has 24 doors with LEGO pieces behind each.[citation needed]

The number of doors can also increase to 25 or 26 to cover Christmas Day and Boxing Day, or further to 31 or 32 to include New Year's Eve and New Year's Day. This latter act was particularly evident over December 1999, counting down to January 1, 2000.[citation needed]

The Advent calendar is normally shaped like a large greeting card, but it can be found in other shapes, such as a three-dimensional model of a house or church. There are alternative forms of Advent calendar, such as those made from felt or other material, or a chain of candles that can be lit day by day. The German city of Dresden has a giant calendar built into a fairytale castle on its Christmas market, the Striezelmarkt.[citation needed]

An alternative Advent calendar is that a box is given with a small gift, of nominal value, with one for the 24 days. The origins of this are not specifically known but certainly it is practiced in Denmark and commonly a way to send gifts to family abroad.[citation needed]

Another modern approach to the Advent calendar is an online version.[citation needed] Though some abandon the element of surprise, at least one, online Advent calendar, achieves this by making it so that, while the images representing all the days are visible from the start, each day's link cannot be by accessed until that calendar day.




[edit] The Scandinavian Julekalender/Julkalender
Homemade Advent calendar

In Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Iceland and Finland there is also a tradition of having a so-called Julekalender (Swedish: Julkalender, Finnish: Joulukalenteri, Icelandic: Jóladagatal; the local word for an advent calendar) in the form of a television show starting on the first of December, and ending on Christmas Eve. The Julkalender was first aired on Swedish TV in 1960 with the program Titteliture [1]. The first Julekalender aired in Denmark was Historier fra hele verden in 1962. The televised jul(e)kalender has now extended into the other Scandinavian countries. In Finland, the show is called Joulukalenteri. Over the years, there have been several different kinds of julekalender; some directed at children, some at both children and adults, and even some directed at adults alone. A classic example of a Julekalender enjoyed by children (as well as adults, if purely for nostalgic reasons) is the show Jul i Skomakergata. A more modern version of the Julekalender is the show The 24th, which is a parody on the popular American series 24 starring Kiefer Sutherland.[citation needed]

No comments:

Jasper

Jasper
N#105 - 28" Fancy Jasper with natural wooden beads and silvertone findings with magnetic clasp $25.00 plus shipping

Fancy !

Fancy !
N#100- 26" Fancy Jasper with bold silvertone chain with a magnetic clasp $16.00 plus shipping

Just magic with a needle !

Jade

Jade
N#94- 26" Green Jade with cube wooden beads with yellow Aventurine accents beads claw clasp 18.00 plus shipping

Red and White !

Red and White !
N#92- 24"Braided Red and White seed bead 14.00 plus shipping

Red White and MOO !!

Red White and MOO !!

SHHH ... I hear something .

nature at it's best!

nature at it's best!
I could stay here forever! AHHHH!

Zebra!

Zebra!
B-98. 8" Zebra Green $10.00 + shipping

lovely lavender

lovely lavender
R-60. 24 1/2 " Lavender Swarovski rosary. $30.00 +shipping

BubbleGum

BubbleGum
Pink Bubble Gum set N/E-set 57 $30.00 + S.H.

Vintage Pink !

Vintage Pink !
25" Vintage Pink Lampworks glass with Lavender pearls N-123 $20.00 +Shipping

Swarovski !

Swarovski !
71/2 " Swarovski crystals with silver accent beads B-105 $20.00 +shipping

Swarovski Crystals

Swarovski Crystals
R-62 rosary $30.00 plus shipping

Proud American !

relive the 70's

relive the 70's
40" orange vintage beads N-127 $16.00 + shipping

New pieces !

New pieces !
N-79 19" Jet with Black Foil heart $25.00 plus shipping .

New pieces !

New pieces !
This can be found in Inlet N.Y. at Jack Graco's furniture N-45/ 25" Frosted double chain with purple swirl stones magnetic clasp $ 25.00 plus shipping

Vintage beads

Vintage beads
21" Blue Marble with crystals N-88 $14.00 +Shipping

New pieces !

New pieces !
1 1/2" Crackle glass on shepard hooks with backs product # E-135 $10.00 + S.H.

New pieces !

New pieces !
N/S- 65 Black and white Hearts Set ! $25.00 plus shipping

New pieces !

New pieces !
N-71 25" Pink swirl glass stones with hammered hoops $18.00 plus shipping

New pieces !

New pieces !
B-64 Ruby with fresh water pearls 8" $8.00 plus shipping

Blues... to cheer you up !

Blues... to cheer you up !
B-61 7 1/2 " Swarovski Crystals with Blue glass cubes with toggle clasp $14.00 plus shipping

8" Pink glass with claw clasp product #65 $ 10.00 + S.H.

New pieces !

New pieces !
R-9 23" Swarovski Blue cyrstals with silvertone stardust our father beads a color Mary with stars and arrow crucifix $30.00 plus shipping

Bold and Beautiful !

Bold and Beautiful !
N-49 This set adds beauty too any outfit ! 20 1/2 " necklace with matching 2" earring $35.00 plus shipping (will sell seperate)e-mail for price

22 1/2" Green w/yellow swirl $20.00 order # N-50

Fancy Black

Fancy Black
N-28- 19" fancy black glass beads on a silvertone chian with a magnetic clasp $20.00 plus shipping

Watch out for Magic !

Watch out for Magic !
N-25 This 23" long necklace is made up of Dragons Vain beads and silver tone chain with a vintage Key pendant ,it has a claw clasp $20.00 plus shipping

Dainty and dressy

Dainty and dressy
N-29- 36" fancy chain with Italian Opalite with a claw clasp $20.00 + shipping

New !

New !
R-29 Tanzanian Granet mini $12.00 plus shipping

new piece !

new piece !
E-134-these 2 1/2" Craved Adventurine with aussie jade on silvertone shepard hooks with back. This piece is located in Inlet N.Y. at Jack Graco's furniture ,$14.00 plus shipping

Black is beautiful !

Black is beautiful !
8" Diamond cut black glass with silver tone stardust beads and clear glass seed beads with a toggle clasp B-57 $16.00 +shipping

Green Carved Adventurine

Green Carved Adventurine
N-167- 24"Silver seedbeads with carved pendant $25.00 plus shipping

Seed Beads!

Seed Beads!
N#3-34" Blue and pink crackle beads with clear seed beads with a magnetic clasp 10.00 plus shipping

Think Spring !!

Think Spring !!
N#145-33" Spring Green $16.00 plus shipping

Opals

Opals
N#91-25" Yellow opals with green teardrops on silvertone fancy chain with claw clasp $16.00 plus shipping

Peaches !

Peaches !
N#142-32" Peach ceramic with gold filgree caps and white and gold seed beads $28.00 plus shipping

E#122-21/2" Green glass with green adventurine seeds 8.00 includes S.H.

Tiger Eye

Tiger Eye
B# 40-7" Tigereye with rose quartz $8.00 plus shipping

Amber and Metal

Amber and Metal
N#117 22" Black metal beads with Amber and fancy two tone metal ,with claw clasp $18.00 plus shipping

Adventurine

Adventurine
N-97 ,22 1/2" Silvertone Hoops with Peach Adventurine $18.00 plus shipping

Bold and Gold !

Bold and Gold !
N# 120-30" Black wood beads capped with bronze on gold tone chain with claw clasp $16.00 plus shipping

Girl Scouts !

Girl Scouts !
Help support our girls! Please buy some cookies !

E#121-21/2" Rose mix 8.00 includes S.H.

Come on ,give us a KISS!!

Lampworks

Lampworks
E#96- 1 1/2 "Rose lampwork beads with Hematite 8.00 + shipping

E#95- 1 1/2" Rose lampwork on shepard hooks with backs 8.00 includes S.H.

Little Sweetie !

E#86- 2" White glass with Zebra ! on shepard hook with backs 10.00 includes S.H.

B#34- 7 1/2" Dark with natural wooden beads 8.00 includes S.H.

B#33- 8" Dark wooden beads 8.00 includes S.H.

E#92- 3" Green glass beads with silverplated beads shepard hooks with backs 10.00 includes S.H.

Light and dark

Light and dark
E#87- 2 1/2" Black -n- White shepard hooks with backs 8.00 + shipping

what more is there to say

Deep Blue !

Deep Blue !
N132 -20" Blue Braided seed bead with magnitic clasp 14.00 + shipping

Jasper

Jasper
E#73- 2 1/4" Jasper with Handpainted wooden beads 10.00 + shipping

Look who missed the picnic !

E#70- 1 1/2"Clear crackle and blue glass 5.00 SOLD !!

Purple lamps

Purple lamps
E#69- 2" Fancy Purple flower lampworks 10.00 + shipping

E#56- 2 1/2" Green Jade with wood shepard hooks with backs10.00 includes S.H.

Fun Green

Fun Green
N#108- 28" Twotone green crackle beads with heart toggle $14.00 + shipping

E#67- 1 1/2" Utah Snowflake 8.00 includes S.H.

B#26- Childs stretch pink and white shell 8.00 includes S.H.

E#66- 2 1/2" Peach Shell 8.00 includes S.H.

E#71-1 1/2" Silvertone hoops with black and white marbled jasper 8.00 includes S.H.

Marvelous Marble

Marvelous Marble
N#114- 22" Black and white marbled jasper with garnet $25.00 + shipping

Sunny Yellow !

Sunny Yellow !
N#112- 28" Mexican Citrine $25.00 + shipping

Fresh water pearls

Fresh water pearls
N#85- 20" Black and Gold fresh water beads $16.00 + shipping

Hand Painted

Hand Painted
B#19- 9" hand painted wooden beads with Tigereye glass beads 12.00+sh

E#20- 2 1/2" Green swril glass stones with gold soild filigree 10.00+sh

E#4- 2 1/2" Filigrees with silvertone chain 5.00+sh

N#53- What a lovely! 24" Australian Jade with silver filigree beads 18.00+sh

Painted Wood

Painted Wood
E#21- 2" Hand Painted wooden Beads $8.00 + shipping

N#68- 26" Australian Yellow Jade 12.00+sh

B#20- 8" Australian Honey Jade Ovals 10.00+sh

Russian Jasper

Russian Jasper
E#25- 4" Silvertone links with Russian Picasso Jasper $10.00 + shipping

N#15- 22" Blue shell with bluemarbled glass beads $15.00+sh

Salmon River Falls

N#37- 24"Tigereye Nugget with Tigereye glass beads $20.00+sh

Home Made in the USA !!

E#34- 2 1/2 " blue crackle with opalite 8.00 includes S.H.

N#73- 36 1/2"Afghanistan Lapis 15.00+sh

Wooden wheel mix

Wooden wheel mix
N#83- 28"wooden beads 14.00 + shipping